What is First Aid?
First aid is the aid which is given before getting the medical aid from Hospital. First Aid includes CPR, and first aid depends on the type of the disease or injury that the victim is suffering from.
Once sliced my arm open carving a few weeks after knee surgery with a whole lot of painkillers, which, if you didn’t know, thin your blood.
I slipped, sliced my arm open, and had blood pouring all over the garage floor.
I covered the wound with my hand (it’s my own blood anyways), stood up on the leg I was not supposed to stand upon, walked to the garage door and said in a calm and collected voice “Mom, I need you to come here. Grab my first aid kit, and I need you to drive me to the hospital.”
I had her help me put on a bandage, and we went to the hospital.
When we went in, the nurse on call took off the bandage and his eyes widened when he saw the blood pour out onto the floor. I turned my head and said, “I told you it was bleeding.”
Yeah, I hike and climb a lot, so broken, strained, and sprained ankles are commonplace. Sigh.
I once broke my foot, splinted it, and had someone carry me out. Easy peasy. I’ve got a high pain tolerance
I once broke my wrist, splinted it up, and left it be. Never went to the doctor, because I thought it was a sprain.
A few years later I got an X-Ray on my hand, and the doctor asked when I had broken my wrist before. He complimented the doctor on healing it very well.
Turns out that “doctor” was a teenage boy.
Low Blood Sugar
My father, who I hike and camp with often, is diabetic (Type One), and as a result, often has low blood sugar.
It is my job to recognize and treat it when he doesn’t. Low Blood Sugar can do that to you, and make you cranky.
I once came across someone who had fallen from a ladder, and I kept him still, prevented shock, and talked to him until the EMTs arrived. In the end, he was fine and did not have a broken back, but better safe than sorry.
I have been at a party once when someone was having a difficult time breathing. They were having an infection and did not have an inhaler or anything. I helped keep them calm and breathing until we loaded them into a car and brought them home for their antibiotics.
First Aid Kit
First aid kit has the same content that we’ve carried on the fire truck. Items to handle almost every type of true life-threatening first aid emergency. You should be able to safely perform CPR, control severe Bleeding, manage Shock, treat serious Burns, stabilize Broken Bones, along with minor first aid emergencies.
There are only 15 key items necessary for you to be able to provide first aid care for minor and serious first aid emergencies. These are:
- 4×4 Gauze Pads. Use for minor to moderate wounds or bleeding. Watch my video on how to stop and control bleeding here.
- 5×9 Trauma Dressing. Use for severe bleeding or large wounds.
- Thermal Blankets. Use for victims who are in shock to keep them warm (unconscious or unresponsive).
- Watch my video on how to treat shock here.
- 2×6 Burn Gel Dressing. In a case of burns, apply this Gel Dressing to the burned area. Watch my video on how to treat burns here.
- Cold Packs. Use for treating bumps, bruises, muscle aches and swelling. Place gauze over skin prior to applying a cold pack.
- Triangular Bandage. This is a versatile dressing. It can be used to support an injured limb or extremity, secure a splint, as a pressure dressing to control bleeding, or to secure an arm that has a splint on it.
- Antiseptic Wipes. These wipes are alcohol-free, so it’s safe for cleaning out small injuries such as scrapes, cuts and abrasions and even minor burns before sticking on a bandage. Watch my video on how to clean wounds here.
- Cardboard Splint. Used to stabilize fractured limbs to prevent further damage or complications.
- Gauze Rolls. Use to secure dressings on wounds, burns or a fracture.
- First Aid Tape. For securing first aid dressing, bandage, and splint. Find the ones that are waterproof and easy to tear off.
- Band-Aids. Used for minor wounds.
- Paramedic Scissors. Use to cut gauze. Remove clothing, or cutting your own dressings.
- Antimicrobial Wipes. For the rescuer’s safety when they become exposed to body fluids, these wipes contain alcohol, so they should NEVER be used on wounds. Read my post why you shouldn’t use alcohol on wounds.
- Vinyl Gloves. For the rescuer’s safety, to protect you from body fluids.
First Aid For Choking
1. If its mild choking encourages the person to keep coughing & clear the blockage.
2. Ask the person to spit out the object if it’s there in the mouth.
3. Give up to 5 sharp back blows between the shoulder blades.
4. If back blows don’t work, then give up to Chest thrusts, by wrapping both the arms up to chest level.
5. Continue by altering back blows & chest thrusts & keep checking their breath.
6. Never use a finger to remove the object or sweep unless you can see the object in the person’s mouth.